In earlier times, if we had any information, then we either used to search in books or asked an experienced person, then only we could get the answer to our questions. However, today it is not so, with the help of the Internet we can get information about inquiries from all over the world in seconds. We can get information from the Internet because of the web server.
In today’s article, we will learn about what is web server. So if you also want to know what is a web server, how a web server works, how many types of web servers there are, what is the utility of a web server, and what are examples of web servers, then you can read this article entirely in it. Complete information is given.
What is a Web Server?
A web server is a computer program that provides the user with the information it has searched for. As the name suggests, you must understand that the server means to serve means to distribute. A web server is a massive database on which an infinite number of web pages are uploaded, and when a user searches for any information by going to a search engine. Then the web server shows the correct information in its database, i.e., web pages in front of the user, in which the users can get information according to their interest.
There are two types of web servers. First, the mechanical part, i.e., the hardware part, and the second is the software part, which acts like a web server. The computer through which web pages are sent is called a web server.
It can make any computer a web server if it has server software installed and that computer is connected live to the Internet. Nowadays, many web server applications on the Internet provide domain and hosting like a web server on the Internet.
Working Process of Web Server
In today time, it has become straightforward to know about anything. Nowadays, whether it is the smallest or the biggest, information about everything is available in seconds. When we need information, we open our mobile or computer browser like Google Chrome, Mozilla Firefox, Opera, and Bing. And put the thing you want to know about it and search for it. Then, the web server shows whatever type of information is required to you.
The data exchange between the web server and the browser takes seconds. As soon as we search in our browser, the browser sends that data to the web server under Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP), then from there, the web server finds the webpages related to your asked topic and sends them to the web server browser. Then the browser shows you the same web page. In some circumstances, some issues about which any web page has not been uploaded on the web server. In that case, the web browser shows you an error like 404.
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Types of Web Servers
There are mainly four types of web servers, which are explained in detail respectively:
- Apache Web Server
- Internet Information Services
- LiteSpeed web server
- Nginx Web Server
Let us now know about all these web servers one by one
1. Apache Web Server
Apache web server is an open-source web server that the user can customize. It is one of the world’s most famous web server rooms built by the Apache Software Foundation. This web server can run over 60% of the world’s operating systems like Unix, Linux, Windows, Mac, iOS, etc.
2. IIS Web Server (Internet Information Services)
This web server is a closed-source software developed by the Microsoft team, i.e., its source code is not publicly open. Due to this, no developer can change its code. The Internet Information Services web browser has much of the same functionality as the Apache web browser. Internet Information Services web servers can run only a few operating systems, such as Windows and Mac.
3. Light Speed Web Server
As the name of this web server suggests, it is swift to run. Its name is such that it is the world’s fourth most famous and fastest performing web server. It is mainly used for commercial purposes.
4. Nginx Web Server
This web server also works like the Apache web server, and in the same way, it is open-source software. This web server is mainly famous for its best performance, easy customization, and low resources. This web server does not pass the data requested by the browser through RAID. Instead, it has its Driven Architecture to transfer the data.
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Features of Web Server
HTTP: HTTP is a protocol whose primary function is to connect the client and the server. With the help of HTTP, hypertext files are transferred from one place to another by the Internet or can say that it is possible to send data through the World Wide Web only through HTTP. The full name of HTTP is Hyper Text Transfer Protocol.
Logging: The web server keeps the client’sclient’s IP and the information asked by it in its weblog, due to which the web server quickly understands its client’s need and the web server provides the same information to the client.
Both these features are handy and are found in almost all web servers. Apart from these, the web server may also have some more essential features, such as
HTTPS (HTTPS) – You can call HTTPS a secure format. We port from HTTPS 80 while
HTTPS connects the web server to the more secure port 443.
Verification: The username and password are verified by the web server before allowing any website resource to be accessed.
Bandwidth Saver: When a client requests a large file, the web server reaches the client by reducing the file size to save bandwidth. Due to this, even if there are more users on the server, the server is protected from being down.
Virtual Hosting: With the help of the virtual hosting of a web server, many websites can be served simultaneously by the same IP address. Due to this, the saver does not get down quickly, and the information reaches the user faster.
Benefits of Web Server
The benefits of web servers are immense, which is why the use of web servers is increasing so much. Let us know about the advantages of web servers:
The web server provides the user a secure environment while surfing the Internet. The web browser uses the standard port 443 of HTTPS instead of the standard port of HTTP and offers the user fast and authenticated data access.
II. Ease of finding information
With the help of a web server, we can find any information on the Internet so that the user can get information about his queries at his convenience with a browser from the web server.
III. Log in
The web server also allows the login master to download and upload large files while surfing the Internet, and at the same time, the webmaster can collect data from the web server.
IV. Easy Activities
If a user wants to configure the log files in the web server, he can quickly go for it. In addition, configuring web files opens the way for analyzing the operating system and web traffic.
V. Downloading Capacity
A web server can benefit you if you keep a website on which such knowledge is provided that many people like to download. Bandwidth is significant for any downloading website. If your site uses a web server, you will have less bandwidth restriction. Using a web server also works to improve the speed of the website.
Disadvantages of Web Server
Along with the advantages of a web server, there are also some disadvantages to using it. Let us know in detail about the disadvantages of web servers:
i. High Price
If we talk about the cost of a web server, it is much higher than electronic web hosting. Moreover, to use the web server, the user has to take monthly plans, which can be pretty costly for different web servers.
Most people use web servers because of their convenience, but you benefit from them according to the type of website. Using a web server is beneficial if you have an online site. Otherwise not.
Using a web server can sometimes bring us security-related issues. For example, some web servers are such that they also allow HTTP traffic, which can have an impact on security. That’sThat’s why you must choose the web server that allows only or most of the HTTPS traffic.
iv. High Traffic
As we know, the amount of traffic on the website using a web server is high, due to which the load on it is also high. Therefore, sometimes your website can be down due to high traffic. Examples of Web Servers – Examples of Web Servers Apache Web Server, Internet Information Web Server, Lightspeed Web Server, Nginx, etc., are web servers that we use to surf the Internet.
Uses of Web Server
Web servers are essential for many functions for us. We need to know how it works. So let us know about the use of a web server.
- A web server’s primary function is to manage website postings on the Internet and exchange data.
- The web server develops a file transfer protocol for the free downloading and uploading data.
- The web server helps solve the problems faced in hosting the website.
- The web server itself determines the default file or default file.
- The web server’s main job is to accept different people’s requests and deliver the information to those connected to the Internet.
- The primary function of a web server in any web hosting service is to protect and preserve the data of all websites.
What did we learn today?
Today in this enlightenment post, we learned about the web server, web server, types of web servers, characteristics of web servers, examples of web servers, and benefits of a web server. I hope you have learned very well what a web server is. You must tell by commenting how you got this post.