Five Ugly Truths about Global Warming– here I am going to discuss about and truth of global warming here I am also mention the effect and causes of global warming. Global warming is the long-term warming of the Earth’s climate system since the pre-industrial period (between 1850 and 1900) due to human activities, primarily due to the burning of fossil fuels, which contributes to the formation of heat-trapping greenhouse gases. In the Earth’s atmosphere. Raises the level.
|Five Ugly Truths about Global Warming|
Table of Content
|1.||5 causes of global warming?|
|2.||Global warming meaning|
|3.||Causes of global warming|
|4.||Effects of global warming|
|5.||Impact of global warming|
|6.||Gas responsible for global warming|
|7.||Greenhouse effect and global warming|
|8.||Global warming solutions|
5 causes of global warming?
- The amount of ocean heat is increasing
- Rising air temperature over the sea
- Global sea level rising
- The temperature of the lower atmosphere is rising
- The snow cover has decreased, and the snow is melting earlier
Global warming meaning
Global warming is the long-term warming of the Earth’s climate system since the pre-industrial period (between 1850 and 1900) due to human activities, primarily due to the burning of fossil fuels, which causes greenhouse gases to trap heat in the Earth’s atmosphere Level. The term is often used interchangeably with climate change, although the latter refers to both anthropogenic and natural warming and its consequences for our planet. It is usually measured as the average rise in the global surface temperature of the Earth.
It is estimated that since the pre-industrial period, human activity has increased the global average temperature of the Earth by about 1 ° C (1.8 ° F), while that figure is currently increasing by 0.2 ° C (0.36 ° F) per decade. Much of the current warming trend is highly likely (more than 95 percent likely) as a result of human activity since the 1950s and has progressed at an unprecedented rate over decades and millennia.
Causes of global warming
Global warming is one aspect of climate change that refers to the long-term rise in global temperatures. This is caused by the increased concentration of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, primarily due to human activities such as burning fossil fuels and agriculture.
Here are 15 causes of global warming
- Power Plants
- Oil Well Drilling
- Drilling for natural gas
- Eternal Frost
- Volcanic Eruption
- Variations in the Sun’s Intensity
- Industrial Activity
- Agricultural Activity
- Earth’s Own Feedback Loop
- The Greenhouse Effect
Forty percent of America’s carbon dioxide emissions are associated with electricity generation. Coal combustion accounts for 93 percent of emissions from the electricity sector. The incineration of household and medical waste accounts for two-thirds of US mercury emissions, according to the Coal Fired Environmental Protection Agency.
The Environmental Protection Agency reports that thirty-three percent of US emissions are associated with the transport of people and goods.
Industrial agriculture and animal husbandry emit huge amounts of methane and carbon dioxide into the atmosphere. Agriculture contributes forty percent methane and twenty percent carbon dioxide to global emissions.
Deforestation to use wood for building materials, paper and fuel increase global warming in two ways – by emitting carbon dioxide from deforestation and by reducing the amount of carbon dioxide that forests can capture.
The use of nitrogen-rich fertilizers increases the amount of heat for the plants. Nitrogen oxides can capture 300 times more heat than carbon dioxide. Sixty-two percent of the nitrous oxide released comes from agricultural by-products.
Oil well drilling
Combustion while drilling oil wells affects the release of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere. The extraction, processing, and distribution of fossil fuels account for about eight percent of carbon dioxide and thirty percent of methane pollution.
Drilling for natural gas
Drilling for natural gas, known as a clean fuel source, is causing massive air pollution in states such as Wyoming; Hydraulic fracturing techniques used to extract natural gas from shale deposits also pollute groundwater sources.
Melting permafrost releases tons of trapped greenhouse gases that are accelerating the melting of more permafrost. Scientists estimate that Siberian permafrost alone contains about five hundred gigatons of carbon. One gigaton equals one billion tons.
The decomposition of waste in landfills produces methane and nitrous oxide. About eighteen percent of gaseous methane in the atmosphere is generated from waste disposal and treatment.
When erupting, volcanoes emit large amounts of carbon dioxide. Volcanoes generally have little impact on global warming, and eruptions cause short-term global cooling, as ash in the air reflects more solar energy.
Changing the intensity of the sun
The Earth receives its heat from the Sun, so there is reason to suspect that our home star may be one of the causes of global warming. While the amount of energy coming from the Sun varies and may have caused warming in the past, NASA and the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) have ruled out this as the cause of the current warming trend. The average energy emanating from the Sun has generally remained constant since 1750, and heat is unevenly distributed throughout the atmosphere. The top layer actually gets colder as the bottom layer heats up.
Since the Industrial Revolution, humans have been burning fossil fuels like coal and oil for energy, releasing carbon dioxide into the atmosphere. A quarter of this is for heat and electricity, and another quarter is for other production processes and transport, including cars, trucks, trains, and airplanes with gasoline or diesel engines. Half of the energy is used for a variety of purposes, including agriculture, cement production, and oil and gas production. These processes also emit other greenhouse gases such as methane and CFCs, although CFC concentrations have declined since their use was banned in 1988.
Agricultural methods of producing food for people on Earth are one of the human causes of climate change. Both commercial and organic fertilizers produce nitrous oxide, a powerful greenhouse gas. Methane, another important greenhouse gas, comes from many natural sources, as well as from the digestive tract of animals raised for meat production, decomposition of waste in landfills, and the burning of biomass.
The growing demand for beef and dairy cattle has led to the creation of forage plots in forested areas. Trees also need to be cut, sometimes illegally, to harvest wood and paper and to clear land for growing crops. A mature tree absorbs 48 pounds of carbon dioxide annually, and by one estimate, between 3.5 and 7 billion are harvested annually. Deforestation is responsible for 15 percent of the greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, according to Scientific American.
Earth’s own feedback
As the atmosphere warms up, it is able to retain more water, which is already the most abundant greenhouse gas. This creates a feedback loop that accelerates global warming in all over the world. It also causes more clouds, thunderstorms, and other signs of climate change. At the poles, a warming atmosphere is melting the ice sheet, exposing water that is less reflective than ice. Water absorbs heat from the sun and the oceans are getting warmer as a result.
Effects of global warming
In the past, scientists have suspected that rising temperatures are the cause of global warming. As we move on to future technology and ingenuity, the scientific community is constantly intervening to do something, along with the EPA and other proponents of global warming. More than ever, scientists are seeing the pace of climate change accelerating.
Melting polar ice caps, loss of vegetation and wildlife, and strong storm surges more common in the past are all reasons for understanding how climate change can affect many aspects of life on planet Earth. Global warming is not just about warming the earth. The massive impact of global warming on social, economic, and physical health is causing serious disasters.
24Devastating effects of global warming
- Melting glaciers
- Climate change
- Worsening drought
- Frequency of hurricanes
- Sea level rise
- Impact on agriculture
- Unexpected heat waves
- Frequent forest fires.
- Heavy rain
- Long/short season
- Impact on crops
- Rising ocean temperatures.
- Breaking the food chain.
- Health risks
- Extinction of animals.
- Quality of life
- Economic collapse
- Poor air quality.
- Decrease in population
- Extinction of humanity
- Lack of fresh water.
- Disappearing countries
1. Melting glaciers
The melting of glaciers will cause many problems for humanity and animals living on Earth. As global warming intensifies, sea levels will rise, causing flooding and damaging human life. In addition to rising sea levels, it will also endanger many animal species and thus disrupt the balance of the ecosystem.
The territories of the Arctic are shrinking and flow into the main oceans. Rising temperatures pose a very rapid threat to wildlife and the entire ecosystem in these areas. With the tremendous speed of melting glaciers, a chain of events begins that cannot be reversed.
2. Climate change
Unstable weather conditions have already begun to show results. An increase in precipitation in the form of precipitation is already being observed in the polar and sub-polar regions. Stronger global warming will lead to more evaporation, which will lead to more rain. Animals and plants cannot easily adapt to increased rainfall all over the world. Plants can die and animals can migrate to other areas, leaving the entire ecosystem unbalanced.
3. Worsening drought
While flooding can occur in the savannah, severe droughts do occur in other parts of the world. As temperatures get warmer, the western United States The presence of drought in the United States has increased, with heatwaves and lack of rain, and entire forests, including tens of millions of trees, are beginning to disappear in the Colorado Rockies.
Large-scale evaporation will be the main cause of drought in many places, especially in Africa. While it is grappling with the severe pressures of the water crisis, the intensification of global warming will worsen the situation and lead to malnutrition.
Rising temperatures can affect people’s health and the diseases they suffer from. With increased rainfall, waterborne diseases can spread like malaria. The earth will become warmer, and heatwaves can intensify as a result, which can cause severe shock to people.
5. Frequency of hurricanes
As ocean temperatures rise, hurricanes and other storms can get worse. As global warming increases, the water in the ocean heats up, and this heats up the surrounding air, creating storms.
6. Sea level rise
Sea levels are rising due to the melting of polar ice caps and the evaporation of less water in the atmosphere. The quaint coastal townships on the US East Coast and the Gulf of Mexico are just a few areas where devastating flood damage has left its mark on history.
7. Impact on agriculture
Global warming could affect agriculture. Although its results are not yet visible, its effect can be seen in the coming years. As global temperatures rise, it will be difficult for plants to survive and die. Plants are the main food source for humans and this can lead to food shortages. In some countries, food shortages can lead to wars and conflicts.
8. Unexpected heat waves
If you thought the headlines about record-high temperatures last summer were mind-boggling, just wait. Unexpected streaks of severe weather are just signs of an iceberg of global warming due to greenhouse gases and other factors. Heatwaves cause dangerously hot weather, and more people have died from heat waves in recent years than in the past sixty years.
9. Frequent forest fires.
While wildfires are a natural occurrence with excess carbon dioxide in the air and hot summers, the evidence speaks for itself. Increasingly frequent forest fires occur in large numbers every year.
The speed at which they burn exceeds their lifespan, and the emissions of carbon dioxide into the air endanger not only human lives, but wildlife is severely affected. Every time a forest fire burns, less oxygen is left to counteract the threatening amount of carbon dioxide released into the atmosphere.
10. Heavy rain
Not only is there anecdotal scientific evidence that global warming is increasing, but several types of events have also become more frequent, including extreme precipitation. Global warming is also creating conditions that can lead to more severe hurricanes and summer storms. Coastal cities and towns where sea levels are already rising face even greater challenges as rains cause severe flooding.
11. Long/short season
Are you a fall lover? Maybe spring is your favorite season. Whatever season and climate you like, it can be earlier and shorter, or later and longer. Global warming suggests spring will come 10 days earlier than previously thought. While it can be beneficial to switch from winter pants to shorts too early, it can flood bodies of water too quickly and drought does not bring enough rainfall to ensure adequate crop nutrition.
12. Impact on crops
If the weather changes, the weather conditions get worse, and the rise in sea level causes flooding, then our crops are difficult to fight. Once the food industry collapses, the economy gets really interesting. Prices for staple crops could rise sharply, leading to severe inflation and an even greater economic crisis.
13. Rising ocean temperatures.
The number of coral reefs in the ocean is reported to be declining due to global warming. Temperature changes affect much more than what happens on our earth. As coral reefs suffer, entire thriving ecosystems become obsolete.
14. Breaking the food chain.
Seasons and seasons change, birds soon fly south to winter, hibernation lasts longer, and a whole chain of events begins, leading to the complete collapse of animal life. The entire food chain can be disrupted and this can have dire consequences.
15. Health risks
The more carbon dioxide is trapped in the atmosphere, the more difficult it becomes to breathe air. If global warming continues, the US is looking for $ 60 billion to fight respiratory diseases and symptoms.
16. Extinction of animals.
In every corner and corner of the earth, the best of nature is beautifully manifested – a majestic lion, a modest deer. Imagine a whole population in which animals can no longer thrive. With such a powerful explosion in the animal kingdom, our own world is in danger.
17. Quality of life
If doing simple things like walking outside or gardening becomes unusable due to extreme heat, think about the quality of life seriously. As the global temperature rises, we will sorely miss even the smallest things that we have taken lightly.
18. Economic collapse
Who knows how bad the economy can turn out to be due to the declining vitality of crops, production, and manufactured goods? Without nature on our side, the food industry will fall apart. Without resources to feed the world, production will collapse. Hunger will be our biggest struggle.
19. Poor air quality.
The more events start, the worse the air quality will be. As bad as it is in some regions of the world, multiply that by a million.
20. Decrease in population
It is estimated that if global warming is left unchecked, the world’s population will decline by 75 percent. As hurricanes, floods, earthquakes, and wildfires intensify, natural disasters will reduce half of the world’s population. Another 25 percent will die from airborne disease, hunger, and poverty.
21. Extinction of humanity
As we know, everything that remains on the earth will be a whirlpool. The rest of the population will have to look for and introduce alternative energy sources on a permanent and regulated basis. It is difficult to imagine, but each of these events affects another event. Very soon, the domino effect will strike. There is little that can be done to ensure that these effects do not become Earth’s final destiny.
If you can’t live without electricity during a thunderstorm, imagine that our entire electrical infrastructure goes offline. Given the current threat of intensifying storms and the brutal effects of tornadoes and tropical storms, our electrical system could collapse in just a few blows.
23. Lack of freshwater.
With global warming, our freshwater supplies will diminish significantly. The loss of coral reefs and their ecosystems will reduce freshwater inflows into lakes and tributaries.
24. Disappearing countries
In countries such as Greenland, the situation is deteriorating at an extremely high rate. Beautiful cities and even continents may one day become part of a vast ocean.
Impact of global warming
Our climate is determined by temperature, wind, atmospheric pressure, humidity, and rainfall over a long period. All over the world, there are different climates such as tropical, dry, and temperate. Australia is a large country with a very diverse climate.
The climate of the area determines the seasons and when they appear. This, in turn, affects the types of plants that grow and which animals survive. Favorite species and places depend on complex ecosystems, and even small climate changes can upset the delicate balance of nature.
As human beings, every aspect of our lives is influenced by our environment. This includes the food we eat, the air we breathe, the water we drink, the clothes we wear, and the products that are produced and sold to create jobs and stimulate the economy.
A healthy and stable climate is our most valuable natural resource.
What changes are people making to the climate due to global warming?
The Earth’s temperature was already 1 ° C higher than pre-industrial levels. This increase in temperature may seem small, but a small increase in temperature is causing major changes in the world’s climate. This is because the amount of additional energy required to raise the world’s temperature, even a little, is enormous. This surplus of energy is like force-feeding the global climate system.
2015 was the hottest year on record, with the previous record broken in 2014, and 2016 is expected to set a new record for the third consecutive year. Records for the longest heatwaves in several years have been broken, and the Bureau of Meteorology has added magenta and magenta to its forecast map for temperatures up to 54 degrees Celsius.
Rising ocean temperatures are melting glaciers and ice caps around the world. Melted ice increases the amount of water in our oceans. Higher temperatures are also causing water masses to rise, rising sea levels, threatening low-lying islands, and coastal cities.
More frequent and intense extreme weather events:
As a result of global warming, extreme weather events such as wildfires, cyclones, droughts, and floods are becoming more intense.
The oceans are getting warmer and more acidic now a day:
So far, the oceans have absorbed most of the excess heat, and carbon dioxide (CO2) – more from the air – makes the oceans warmer and more acidic. Warmer waters discolor coral reefs and cause violent storms. Shellfish, including small crustaceans, are threatened by the increased acidity of the ocean, without which the marine food chain will collapse.
Unfortunately, the poorest and most vulnerable countries, and those who least contributed to the problem, will be hardest hit by global warming. The countries most at risk are our neighbors in the Pacific and Southeast Asia, including Kiribati, Tuvalu, Vietnam, and the Philippines.
How is global warming affecting life in World?
Global warming is negatively affecting ecosystems through rising temperatures, water shortages, increased fire hazards, drought, weed and insect infestations, severe storms, and salt intrusion, to name just a few. Some of Australia’s greatest natural landmarks, such as the Great Barrier Reef, are already under threat.
Every sixth species is endangered due to climate change. Plants, animals, and birds faced with climate change have two options to survive: move or adapt. Given the pace of climate change we are already experiencing, species often fail to adapt quickly to changing environments. And with the destruction of the habitat, it becomes more and more difficult to walk.
Food and agriculture:
Changes in rainfall patterns, increasingly severe droughts, more frequent heatwaves, floods, and extreme weather conditions make it more costly for farmers to graze livestock and increase yields, reduce food availability and increase the cost of purchasing food.
Low rainfall and rapidly intensifying drought can lead to water shortages.
Rising sea levels and more frequent and intense storm surges will lead to further erosion of Australia’s coastline, which wears out and floods public and residential properties.
Increasingly intense and persistent heatwaves can cause death and illness, especially in the elderly. Higher temperatures and humidity can also cause more mosquito-borne diseases.
Damage to houses:
Severe extreme weather events such as wildfires, hurricanes, floods, cyclones, and coastal erosion will result in more damage to homes as well as more expensive insurance premiums.
Rising temperatures and acidity in our oceans are contributing to extreme coral bleaching, such as in 2016, when more than a third of the Great Barrier Reef was destroyed.
Gas responsible for global warming
Gases that trap heat/warm in the atmosphere are called greenhouse gases. This section provides information on the major greenhouse gases emitted and emitted from the atmosphere. For more information on other climate factors such as black carbon, see Climate Change Indicators: Climate Impacts page.
Carbon Dioxide (CO2): Carbon dioxide is released into the atmosphere through the combustion of fossil fuels (coal, natural gas, and petroleum), solid waste, wood and other organic materials, and certain chemical reactions (eg, during cement production). carbon dioxide is removed (or “captured”) from the atmosphere when it is absorbed by plants through the biological carbon cycle.
Methane (CH4): Methane is released during the extraction and transportation of coal, natural gas, and petroleum. Methane emissions also arise from the decomposition of organic waste from livestock and other agricultural activities, land use, and solid waste dump.
Nitrous Oxide (N2O): Nitrous oxide is emitted from agriculture, land use, industrial activity, fossil fuel and solid waste combustion, and wastewater treatment.
Fluorinated Gases: Hydrocarbons, perfluorocarbons, sulfur hexafluoride, and nitrogen trifluoride are powerful synthetic greenhouse gases emitted by various industrial processes. Fluorinated gases are sometimes used as a replacement for stratospheric ozone-depleting substances (such as chlorofluorocarbons, hydrochlorofluorocarbons, and halons). Although these gases are usually emitted in small quantities, they are also known as highly global warming gases (“High GWP gases”) because they are powerful greenhouse gases.
The impact of each gas on climate change depends on three main factors.
How long is the wait?
Concentration and abundance is the amount of a particular gas in the atmosphere. High emissions of greenhouse gases increase their concentration in the atmosphere. Greenhouse gas concentrations are measured in parts per million and parts per billion and even parts per trillion. A millionth is about the same as a drop of water dissolved in 13 gallons of liquid (roughly the fuel tank of a small car). For more information on increasing concentrations of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, see the Climate Change Indicators: Atmospheric Greenhouse Gas Concentrations page.
How long do they live in the environment?
Each of these gases can remain in the atmosphere for different periods, from several years to thousands of years. All these gases stay in the atmosphere long enough to mix well. This means that the amount measured in the atmosphere is almost the same worldwide, regardless of the emission source.
How strongly does it affect the atmosphere?
Some gases are more effective than others to warm the Earth and “thicken the Earth’s blanket”.
It calculates the global warming potential (GWP) for each greenhouse gas, showing how much time it spends in the atmosphere and how strongly it absorbs energy, on average. High GWP gases contribute more to global warming because they absorb more energy per pound than low GWP gases.
Greenhouse effect and global warming
The greenhouse effect is a process that occurs when gases in the Earth’s atmosphere trap the sun’s heat. This process makes the Earth hotter than it would be without the atmosphere. The greenhouse effect is one of the factors that make the earth a better place to live.
Global warming solutions
Each of us must do everything it takes to warm the planet and eliminate climate-changing pollution and practices for a greener, healthier world. Environment USA takes concrete steps to bring us closer to the world we want to live in, from fueling the fossil fuel recovery movement to accelerating the transition to zero-polluting automobiles.
The solution to global warming To promote global warming solutions, Environment America, a network of 29 state affiliates, and members and activists from all 50 states are running the following projects and campaigns:
Destination: Zero Carbon: We can’t tackle global warming without changing the way Americans walk. It aims to electrify all new car sales by 2035, make all school and public transport buses electric by 2030, and double the number of people using foot, bike, or public transport to reach their destinations by 2030.
No fossil fuels: Despite accelerating global warming, the major oil, gas, and coal companies continue their business as usual. Fortunately, more and more investors are realizing that the industry’s business models are inconsistent with what scientists believe they must do to slow global warming. This is why we support the fossil fuel recovery movement.
Protecting Tropical Forests: To slow global warming, we must protect the world’s tropical forests. We are urging businesses to stop reducing these, the promise of zero deforestation. We are currently focusing on the Beef and Soy supply chain.
Local climate action: We also need to reduce and ultimately eliminate carbon pollution from power plants. The Local Greenhouse Gas Initiative may be the most important local climate program you’ve ever heard of.
Promoting energy efficiency: The energy used to power, heat, and cool our homes, businesses, and industries are the number one cause of global warming. Energy efficiency technologies allow us to achieve the same or higher levels of production, service, and comfort using less energy. This approach has tremendous potential to save both energy and money and can be deployed quickly.
Green Transport: Emissions from the transport sector have grown at a faster rate than other energy-using sectors over the past decade. A range of solutions is in place, including improving efficiency (miles per gallon) in all modes of transport, switching to low-carbon fuels, and reducing the distance traveled by vehicles through smart development and more efficient public transport systems.
Renewable Energy: Renewable energy sources such as solar, wind, geothermal and bioenergy are available worldwide. Numerous studies have shown that renewable energy has the technological potential to meet most energy needs. Renewable technologies can be deployed quickly, are quickly cost-effective, and create jobs while reducing pollution.
Phase-out of fossil fuel electricity: Significantly reducing the use of fossil fuels, especially carbon-intensive coal, is essential to combat climate change there are several ways to start this process. Key action steps include not building new coal-fired power plants, phasing out coal power plants, starting with the oldest and dirtiest, and collecting and storing carbon emissions from power plants. It may sound like science fiction, but the technology exists to keep carbon emissions underground. Although this technology has not been deployed on a large scale or has been proven to be safe and sustainable, it has been demonstrated in other contexts, such as oil and natural gas recovery. A pilot project is worth pursuing to test the feasibility and cost of this technology for power plant emissions.